Beijing (old name Peking) is the capital city of the People’s Republic of China and is a vast bustling metropolis. It was the capital city five times over many centuries, from the Yan State in 221 B.C. to the present day Republic. In fact, fossils found in the Zhoukoudian Archaeological Site, a UNESCO World Heritage site, indicate that the Peking-Man lived here between 770,000 and 230,000 years ago.
Today’s Beijing has the distinction of having ancient Imperial relics, cultural relics, historical sites, as well as modern economic and entertainment zones. There are six other UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Beijing, namely the Great Wall, the Forbidden City, the Summer Palace, the Temple of Heaven, the Ming Tombs, and the Grand Canal Irrigation System. Other popular tourist attractions include the Jiulong Amusement Park, Blue Spirit Amusement Park, Beijing National Aquatics Center, and more.
Despite being a metropolitan city, the area of Beijing is so vast that it has diverse landscapes. It is located on the edge of the North China Plain which has tall mountain ranges on its west, northwest, and north. Mount Dongling is the highest peak at 2,300 meters above sea level. Major rivers like the Yongding and Chaobai also add to the charm of the city.
Having a continental climate, the city has hot humid summers and cold dry winters. The temperatures range between 1oC in the winter season to 35oC in the summer season. The winter season is the best time for tourist activities.
The city has three International Airports and very efficient subway, road, and high-speed rail transport systems that keep it connected with other cities in China and overseas. Beijing has multi-cuisine restaurants but it is worth trying out their signature dish, the Peking Roast Duck among others.