Jade Market and Factory

Hotan, China

Located in Hotan in the Xinjiang Autonomous Prefecture of China is the Jade Market and Factory. Besides its exquisite silk and wool carpets, the region is famous for its milky-white jade. The dried up riverbeds around Hotan is rich in white colored nephrite jade (colloquially called mutton fat) which is in greater demand than gold in China. The Uighurs make beautiful articles by sculpting the jade stones into intricate designs. At the factory, you will see artisans using modern tools to sculpt jade stones into intricate pieces of jewelry, showpieces, etc. that are for sale. You will need a guide who can translate from English to Mandarin because the employees do not understand English.

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