Karez Water System

Turpan, China

Karez Water System was of great importance for the development and prosperity of the Turpan region. Word “karez” originates from the Uyghur word for “well”. It is wells that comprise the essence of the karez water system. Water from the surrounding mountains was collected, transported by underground canals and stored in vertical wells over-shaded with trees in order to prevent evaporation. Today, visitors can explore the remnants of the underground canals and more than 1,000 well-preserved wells! Around 30 % of the remaining wells number are still in use by the locals. Similar water systems can be found in the Middle East.

Karez Water System

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